India’s space exploration story has taken a big leap forward today. With the launch of  Chandrayaan-3, India is reaching out to touch the moon once more. This mission is put together by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), and was launched from a place in Andhra Pradesh called Sriharikota. What’s really exciting about this mission is that it could make India the fourth country ever to land softly on the moon.

Launch and What We Want to Achieve

Chandrayaan-3 began its long journey to the moon with a ride on a GSLV Mark 3 (LVM3) rocket. This rocket is very powerful and it shows how advanced ISRO’s space technology has become.

There are three main things that Chandrayaan-3 aims to do:

• Safely and softly land on the moon.

• Move a special vehicle called a rover around the moon to carry out science experiments.

• Gather loads of useful information from the moon’s surface.

These goals show how dedicated ISRO is to learning more about space.

A Closer Look: The Lander and Propulsion Modules

The Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft comprises an indigenous Lander module (LM) and a Propulsion module (PM). Both of these modules feature state-of-the-art technologies designed to maximize the mission’s success rate.

Notably, the Lander module is equipped with:

• Laser & RF-based altimeters for precise altitude determination

• A Laser Doppler Velocimeter for velocity measurement

• An advanced propulsion system featuring 800N Throttleable Liquid Engines and 58N attitude thrusters for controlled descent and landing on the lunar surface.

The Lander module, for example, has special tools to:

• Measure how high it is from the ground and how fast it is moving.

• Control its landing on the moon with powerful engines.

The Propulsion Module has a double role. Not only does it carry the Lander module, it also has a special tool called ‘Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth’ (SHAPE) payload. This tool will be used for some very important science work.

Uncovering Secrets: The Lunar Rover

Once Chandrayaan-3 lands on the moon, it will let out a rover. The rover will move around and test the moon’s surface to find out what it’s made of. It has two special tools called the Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) and the Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) to help it do this.

ISRO thinks that it will take about a month for Chandrayaan-3 to travel from Earth to the moon. It’s aiming to land on the moon on August 23. After that, the rover is expected to work for one lunar day, which is about 14 Earth days long.


Learning from the Past: Remembering Chandrayaan-2

Chandrayaan-3 is a follow-up to another mission called Chandrayaan-2. The Chandrayaan-2 mission had some problems when it tried to land on the moon in 2019. But, it did manage to do some good work. Its orbiter is still sending back useful information about the moon.

With Chandrayaan-3, ISRO is hoping to do better than Chandrayaan-2 and land successfully on the moon. This shows how determined ISRO is to keep trying, even when things get tough.

Looking Forward: What Chandrayaan-3 Means to Us

Chandrayaan-3 is very important to the people of India, not just the scientists. It shows how advanced India’s technology is and that the country wants to be a leader in space research.

As Chandrayaan-3 makes its way from Earth to the moon, it’s carrying the hopes and dreams of all of India. Everyone in the country is waiting eagerly to see what Chandrayaan-3 will discover on the moon.

In the end, Chandrayaan-3 is more than just a space mission. It’s a symbol of India’s pride and determination. We’re all looking forward to learning more about the moon from this mission.

So, keep watching for updates as we follow Chandrayaan-3’s amazing journey to the moon and see a new chapter in India’s space exploration story unfold.

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